Hydro-Flattening Versus Hydro-Conditioning

Please see link below provided by Jason Stoker at the “Click” site. In the presentation there are a couple of slides on this topic. Thanks Jason for providing this information.

ILMF presentation on Click


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One Response to Hydro-Flattening Versus Hydro-Conditioning

  1. Greg J says:

    hydrologically conditioned (hydro-conditioned) Processing of a DEM or TIN so that the flow of water is continuous across the entire terrain surface, including the removal of all isolated sinks or pits. The only sinks that are retained are the real ones on the landscape. Whereas hydrologically enforced is relevant to drainage features that generally are mapped, hydrologically conditioned is relevant to the entire land surface and is done so that water flow is continuous across the surface, whether that flow is in a stream channel or not. The purpose for continuous flow is so that relations and (or) links among basins and (or) catchments can be known for large areas.
    hydrologically flattened (hydro-flattened) Processing of a lidar-derived surface (DEM or TIN) so that mapped water bodies, streams, rivers, reservoirs, and other cartographically polygonal water surfaces are flat and, where appropriate, level from bank-to-bank. Additionally, surfaces of streams, rivers, and long reservoirs demonstrate a gradient change in elevation along their length, consistent with their natural behavior and the surrounding topography. In traditional maps that are compiled photogrammetrically, this process is accomplished automatically through the inclusion of measured breaklines in the DTM. However, because lidar does not inherently include breaklines, a DEM or TIN derived solely from lidar points will depict water surfaces with unsightly and unnatural artifacts of triangulation. The process of hydro-flattening typically involves the addition of breaklines along the banks of specified water bodies, streams, rivers, and ponds. These breaklines establish elevations for the water surfaces that are consistent with the surrounding topography, and produce aesthetically acceptable water surfaces in the final DEM or TIN. Unlike hydro-conditioning and hydro-enforcement, hydro-flattening is not driven by any hydrologic or hydraulic modeling requirements, but solely by cartographic mapping needs.
    hydrologically enforced (hydro-enforced) Processing of mapped water bodies so that lakes and reservoirs are level and so that streams and rivers flow downhill. For example, a DEM, TIN or topographic contour dataset with elevations removed from the tops of selected drainage structures (bridges and culverts) so as to depict the terrain under those structures. Hydro-enforcement enables hydrologic and hydraulic models to depict water flowing under these structures, rather than appearing in the computer model to be dammed by them because of road deck elevations higher than the water levels. Hydro-enforced TINs also use breaklines along shorelines and stream centerlines, for example, where these breaklines form the edges of TIN triangles along the alignment of drainage features. Shore breaklines for streams and rivers would be 3D breaklines with elevations that decrease as the stream flows downstream; however, shore breaklines for lakes or reservoirs would have the same elevation for the entire shoreline if the water surface is known or assumed to be level throughout.

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